How Did the Universe Begin? — Science and God

How Did the Universe Begin? — Science and God

How Did the Universe Begin? — Science and God

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Was the universe always here, or did it have a beginning? If so, how did it start? Mankind has debated these questions for centuries and has only recently begun to find some answers. And those answers may point to some even more intriguing conclusions.

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Script:

Was the universe always here? Or did it have a beginning? If so, how did it start?

From ancient times, philosophers and theologians have debated these questions.

But it wasn’t until the 20th century that a series of stunning scientific discoveries finally enabled us to get some answers. 

The story begins in 1912 when American astronomer Vesto Slipher observed that light coming from distant “nebulae” (clouds of dust and gas in outer space) appeared redder than expected. 

Why was this important?

Here’s where your high school science pays off. Remember learning about the Doppler effect? The frequency of sound, light, or other waves changes as the source and observer move toward (or away from) each other. To demonstrate this, your science teacher likely played a recording of a train whistle:  the pitch of the whistle lowers—that is, the sound wave stretches out—as the train recedes into the distance.

Well, the same thing happens with light.  

If a distant star or galaxy is moving away from us, the light coming from that object will also stretch out. Since in the spectrum of visible light, red light corresponds to the longest wave lengths physicists say light that has been stretched out has been “red shifted.” 

This evidence of “red-shift” suggested the nebulae were moving away from us.

In 1924 astronomer Edwin Hubble, working with a new 100-inch telescope on Mt. Wilson in California, showed that Slipher’s “nebulae” were not just clouds of gas around distant stars, but actually distant galaxies beyond our Milky Way. 

Soon after that, the Belgian physicist George Lemaître correlated Slipher’s red-shift data with Hubble’s measurements of the distances to other galaxies. Lemaître showed that galaxies that were farther away were receding faster than those close at hand. That suggested a spherical expansion of the universe in all directions of space, as if the universe were expanding like a balloon from a singular explosive beginning—from a “big bang.”

Oddly, Albert Einstein had earlier tumbled to this idea but then dismissed it. 

Einstein’s new theory of gravity known as general relativity envisioned massive bodies altering the curvature of space like a bowling ball making a depression on a trampoline. 

Einstein’s concept of gravity implied that space would contract in on itself unless gravity was continually counteracted by the expansion of space. For this reason, Einstein posited a constantly acting repulsive force—known as the cosmological constant—to counter gravitational attraction. But that implied a dynamic and expanding universe. . . and also a beginning. 

To avoid this conclusion, Einstein altered his own equations by arbitrarily assigning a precise value to the force of expansion to ensure that the strength of gravity and the repulsive force exactly balanced.  Thus he depicted the universe in a perfectly poised, static state—neither expanding from a beginning, nor contracting toward a collapse.

But then with Slipher and Hubble’s discoveries, the heavens talked back. In 1927, Lemaître informed Einstein (in a taxi cab, no less) about the red shift evidence for an expanding universe. In 1931, Einstein visited Hubble at the Mt. Wilson observatory and viewed the evidence for himself.  Later, he announced, to his great credit, that denying the evidence for the universe having had a beginning was “the greatest blunder of my scientific career.”

Throughout the 20th century, physicists proposed other theories that denied a cosmic beginning. One by one new evidence showed each to be inadequate. By the 1990s, the Big Bang theory had prevailed as the best explanation for multiple lines of astronomical evidence.  

For the complete script as well as FACTS & SOURCES, visit https://www.prageru.com/video/how-did-the-universe-begin-science-and-god

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35 thoughts on “How Did the Universe Begin? — Science and God

  1. Kurt K

    Colossians 1:15-18
    The Supremacy of the Son of God

    15 The Son is the image(A) of the invisible God,(B) the firstborn(C) over all creation. 16 For in him all things were created:(D) things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities;(E) all things have been created through him and for him.(F) 17 He is before all things,(G) and in him all things hold together. 18 And he is the head(H) of the body, the church;(I) he is the beginning and the firstborn(J) from among the dead,(K) so that in everything he might have the supremacy.

    Quite clear.

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  2. Hamstring

    No one will ever know for sure…and it doesn't really matter. It's all speculation and why even bother with that?

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  3. Jurng Un Joo

    Whether there is God or not, no one knows, as human beings have finite knowledge and capability and thus trying to understand what God is like is akin to colony of ants trying to understand how human beings behave.

    I believe the Buddha says the best in regard to this type of inquiries. Upon his student asking about the life after death, He commented (paraphrasing)“You don’t even know about the life right now, how are you going to know about the life after death?”

    Simply put, it is unknowable and thus, “waste of time and energy”

    What amazes me about so-called Christian scientist is their mumbo jumbo about the existing of “intelligent designer” and then making a dramatic leap of conclusion that as he exists, he must be the “Christian God” and gives an example referring to the Holy Bible. It is laughable.

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  4. Darren Koglin

    My understanding is if science is proving that everything is expanding outwards then the earth must b the centre of all this,I don't know its just how I think&believe,doesn't the scriptures state God created the heavens &the earth,the heavens is plural but the earth is singular

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  5. Eggs&Bacon

    The Bible is also a perfect match with scientific theory regarding the order in which life forms appeared on the Earth

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  6. Endless Manifold

    Will this man ever stop lying? What is wrong with him? No cosmologist believes that spacetime and matter poofed into existence at the Big Bang. What the Big Bang actually says is that 13.77 billion years ago, the universe started expanding from an infinitely dense point. We don't know jackshit about what came 'before' this point because our current, incomplete understanding of spacetime cannot be used to explain whatever happened before the singularity expanded.

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  7. WE MUST BECOME MACHINES

    Please stop pretending the big bang didn't happen. Your time would be better spent examining how a universe with God and a universe with an imaginary God are indistinguishable from each other

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  8. Startek

    Well this video is dumb.

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  9. Gustavo

    lmao who's so dumb to actually believe in the Big Bang or Evolution

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  10. carl gangl

    This is an unproven theory. Light speed may well slow with long distances. And different colors may have slightly different speeds And gravity affects wavelengths. And no telling what we will learn.

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  11. The Truth About Science and God

    Please share my two brief videos with others. Thanks

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  12. Bornean Dayak

    “Faith and reason are like two wings on which the human spirit rises to the contemplation of truth” – Pope St. John Paul II.

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  13. T Barron

    Science and Religion are not in conflict. Science is just our best understanding of what the Master Scientist already created.

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  14. BigNewGames

    The observations don't really indicate a big bang because the galaxies are moving away from each other, not a common point. If we were to do a thought experiment and take time backwards, because the expansion of space between galaxies is so slow compared to the distance involved they would never merge. Recently the EHT and other radio telescopes discovered stars being birthed near the supermassive blackhole in the core of our galaxy. All the evidence indicates galaxies are slowly growing in size, energy, matter and space over great time. The galaxies are growing from the inside out, not from accretion occurring from the outside per the postulate of a big bang and how galaxies formed over time. The distance between galaxies remains proportional to the slow gradual increase in the galaxy's mass over time, so that the distance between them always remain the same ratio. The nearest galaxy to the Milky Way is Andromeda. By my calculations using basic 3D kinematics indicates the two galaxies are moving away from each other at about 275,000 mi/h they are not on a collision course. Thus by reversing time in the thought experiment the galaxies would never merge upon a single point. This would be true for all the galaxies. They are not moving away from each other rapidly from a big bang or inflation but always remain relatively the same distance apart to the rate they are growing. Galaxies grow in size at the same rate as the supermassive black hole in their cores. This poses a huge conundrum for the laws of thermodynamics claiming that energy and matter cannot be created because clearly that's not the case. According to all the new data by radio telescopes over the past 12 years a big bang did not happen. It was more like a slow but continuous growth occurring near the supermassive black holes in the cores of every galaxy throughout the universe. This is what's causing the expansion of space, not dark energy, not a Hubble constant or even a cosmological constant. Supermassive black holes are at the centers of all creation.

    I know this is completely conjecture. Remember at one point in the past all the consensus was geocentrism, they assumed the Earth was stationary at the center of the universe and everything orbited around the Earth. Then, when Nicholas Copernicus came up with the heliocentric theory they claimed it was conjecture too. And now look, the heliocentric theory is widely accepted.

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  15. jusfugly

    Nobody has yes shown any evidence that a god can or does exist, so you are unable to attribute the cause of the beginning of the universe, to your, or any other god..
    Nobody knows the actual cause of the beginning of the universe.
    All we know is, it did.
    Your god is not a hypothesis.
    A hypothesis requires evidence.

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  16. Hydden N. Plainsyght

    Is it just me or do any of you wonder how an absolute beginning can begin from an absolute nothingness? And the presumption that there was an absolute nothingness that came into being out of timelessness? Is it also of interest to some to believe that the universe as we know it is closed and there is nothing outside of it? While some, like me, think there's a multiverse of individual universes strewn about an endless expanse of space, like soap bubbles in a bubble bath or effervescent bubbles in a champaign glass or beer; coming in and out of existence over time; some small and some large, and sometimes they merge to form one mega-verse? Do any of you imagine a universe full of blackholes that over time gobble up matter and spew it bout out over time to form new stars and possibly new universes? Perhaps we live in one gigantic blackhole and we have yet to be released into a megaverse. Perhaps we are nothing more than a piece of dark matter living deep within a nutrino or within a strand of subatcomic particles in a quantum particle; a lepton, quark, or bosson, and the universe we are living in are no larger than the width of one of these quantum particles.

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  17. Sergey Kopylov

    God is not required for Big Bang.

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  18. Boris

    Im not religious, but this is why i am agnostic.
    I just can't be fully atheistic because of this.

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  19. Natalie Nakamura

    Thank you for this great video. Would love to watch Kent Hovind’s Prager U video too. Pls consider inviting him.

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  20. Tina Huston

    Thank you for the humility before the Creator.

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  21. J W Sanders

    He is no fool who gives what he cannot keep to gain what he cannot loose- Jim Elliot ,

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  22. Richard Carr

    What is it with this guy and making God of the Gaps fallacies?

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  23. Str8 Street

    Genesis 1:1-4 "In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters." The heavens and earth were created, without from and void and it was dark. The base definition of dark matter, unseen with no visible form.

    "And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. And God saw that the light was good. And God separated the light from the darkness. God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day." Let there be light, visible matter aka light matter, separation of the matter, calling them day and night. Later He makes light in the expanse to rule over night and day, the lights were not needed to separate night and day, they were to rule them, so we can differentiate between them.

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  24. ted brown

    Big Bang never happened. Out of nothing, nothing can happen ! You can quote me on that.

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  25. jesmarina

    5 minutes of science…………and then it goes into total BS!
    How can you sir, as a supposed scientist believe in things that cannot be proven?

    Taking the big bang as proof for the existence of your CHRISTIAN god is just stupid! Why isn't it proof of Buddha? Or the Norse-gods?

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  26. J W Sanders

    In the beginning God Created …. Everything

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  27. Kite Cross

    lmfao

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  28. Steven Mccallan

    Most scientists suffer greatly from pride. They simply cannot accept that an infinitely powerful being exists. This pride blinds them and leads to atheism.

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  29. Tin Foil Hat News

    Dude Like the Video. But you look a lot like Bob Odenkirk ( Saul Goodman from Breaking Bad and better call Saul).

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  30. Eric Kelly

    the history of science was accurate, but then he said the big bang sounds similar to the bible "god made the heavens and earth"??? this guy seems like the person that sees the virgin mary in his toast.

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  31. Mac Kelly

    Something from nothing leaves nothing

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  32. Leon Kuzmin

    How can one believe in God's creation of Adam and believe that we evolved from primates at the same time? If we evolved from primates, at what point did God look at animals and chose humans to be his special animals?

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  33. Raw Biblical Creationism Data

    Sounds about right. The only thing you're missing is how many years ago- not millions or billions but a mere 6 thousand years ago.

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  34. Mitch Raemsch

    If our universe dies does the multiverse? What would that say about science's existence not having a reality?
    God creates gravity.

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply
  35. Tim Giraud

    I must admit I am neither a scientist nor a philosopher, for those who follow the teachings of scripture also know that God reveals himself to us as we are ready to understand it, the Bible was written in ways to make it understandable, but for deeper understanding one must study the word and the world to see the connections…

    January 10, 2022 at 10:00 am Reply

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